- His Elements of Geometry, written around 300 B.C., had a profound impact on Byzantine science, in part because Euclid's work was given such practical use in Byzantine astronomy, astrology (qq.v.), even architecture. For example, Anthemios of Tralles, architect of Hagia Sophia (qq.v.), wrote a work on conical sections and was an expert on projective geometry. Leo the Mathematician (q.v.), allegedly the inventor of the automata of the Magnaura (q.v.), was an expert on Euclid. The Elements, revised by the astronomer Theon of Alexandria, father of Hypatia (qq.v.), was also of interest to Neoplatonists such as Proklos (qq.v.), who were attracted to the 10th book of the Elements, which deals with irrational quantities, implying a thought-world where facts cannot be expressed in concrete terms.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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