Euclid

   His Elements of Geometry, written around 300 B.C., had a profound impact on Byzantine science, in part because Euclid's work was given such practical use in Byzantine astronomy, astrology (qq.v.), even architecture. For example, Anthemios of Tralles, architect of Hagia Sophia (qq.v.), wrote a work on conical sections and was an expert on projective geometry. Leo the Mathematician (q.v.), allegedly the inventor of the automata of the Magnaura (q.v.), was an expert on Euclid. The Elements, revised by the astronomer Theon of Alexandria, father of Hypatia (qq.v.), was also of interest to Neoplatonists such as Proklos (qq.v.), who were attracted to the 10th book of the Elements, which deals with irrational quantities, implying a thought-world where facts cannot be expressed in concrete terms.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Euclid — Euclid, OH U.S. city in Ohio Population (2000): 52717 Housing Units (2000): 26123 Land area (2000): 10.707882 sq. miles (27.733286 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.858078 sq. miles (2.222413 sq. km) Total area (2000): 11.565960 sq. miles (29.955699… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Euclid, OH — U.S. city in Ohio Population (2000): 52717 Housing Units (2000): 26123 Land area (2000): 10.707882 sq. miles (27.733286 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.858078 sq. miles (2.222413 sq. km) Total area (2000): 11.565960 sq. miles (29.955699 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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  • Euclid — Eu clid, n. A Greek geometer of the 3d century b. c.; also, his treatise on geometry, and hence, the principles of geometry, in general. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Euclid [1] — Euclid, s. Euklides …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Euclid [2] — Euclid (spr. Juclid), Städtischer Bezirk mit Postamt (Post township) in der Grafschaft Cuyahoga im Staate Ohio (Nordamerika), am südlichen Ufer des Eriesees; 1600 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Euclid — Euclid1 [yo͞o′klid] [L Euclides < Gr Eukleidēs] fl. 300 B.C.; Gr. mathematician: author of a basic work in geometry Euclidean [yo͞o′klidē ən] adj. Euclidian Euclid2 [yo͞o′klid] [so named (after EUCLID1) by its surveyors] city in NE Ohio:… …   English World dictionary

  • Euclid — Infobox Scientist name = Euclid image width = caption = birth date = fl. 300 BC residence = Alexandria, Egypt ethnicity = Greek field = Mathematics known for = Euclid s Elements Euclid (Greek: . polytonic|Εὐκλείδης mdash; Eukleidēs), fl. 300 BC,… …   Wikipedia

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  • Euclid — (c. 330 bc–260 bc) Greek mathematician Euclid is one of the best known and most influential of classical Greek mathematicians but almost nothing is known about his life. He was a founder and member of the academy in Alexandria, and may have been… …   Scientists

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